Production and Industry Practices Of Comics – A History Lesson.

Comics and manga have no doubt been around for a long time. Where the censorship ranges differed slightly, comics had a major backlash in the fifties and Magna in the eighties and mid nighties, but the fact remained that many were concerned for the well being and mind of the children as the readers of these so called “violent” books. Comics may have had a larger post-war boom in the fifties, whereas Manga, has a much larger boom in the 80’s. Both have had a large, underground scene where the artist could thrive without guidelines and make the art they so desired.

In the fifties it came apparent that comics were “violent” and teaching children, ways to commit crimes. Frederic Wertham had a “Top Ten” list in which he discussed the terrible ways that comics influenced the population. It was stated that comics are racist, promote homosexual behaviour along with subliminal sexual messages, and that problems were only solved by fighting. This caused a mass response where people would get destroy comics, and trade them in at book stores, children were not reading them like they once were as the book were seen as an evil to young children and their mouldable mind, because of this, the comic book code was created.

The Comic Book Code was founded in August of 1954, this created major backlash among the creators, as the artists couldn’t produce what they normally would. this code also created a mass underground following where the use of drugs, and creating comic books flourished. To get a comic book released it had to be processed and get a stamp of approval. To get the stamp of approval, it went through vigorous amounts of criticism, after it was deemed appropriate it would be released to the public. Stan Lee being one of the firsts to release a comic without a seal, was a major breakthrough in the process to dissipate the comic book code.

Manga actually could be split up between girls( Shojo) and boys (Shonen), mostly these comics differ greatly as Shonen is more action based whereas Shojo could drone on about girls liking boys and daily life. These types of comics vastly popular in the mid-eighties, where mass culture began that had an expanding genre for all ages, genders, classes.

Comics and Manga like so many things have a vast and interesting history, between the post war booms, comic book codes, and underground scene. This has shaped culture, and even today has made a massive following for people. Comics are almost a part of people’s life, and because of this comics and manga will forever be a part of people’s lives.


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